War And International Justice A Kantian Perspective Pdf
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In this terminology , action is more important than the consequences. The term deontological was first used to describe the current, specialised definition by C.
War and International Justice - E-bog
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My main interest is social and political philosophy. My writing and teaching on social justice concern the moral significance of economic inequality, the nature and implications of democratic values and the proper political role of evaluations of ways of life. I address these issues in a book that I am writing, The Ethics of Social Democracy , arguing that political choice should be based on impartial concern for people's wellbeing and not on precepts of fairness that have become the standard moral foundations among philosophical social democrats. My writing and teaching on international justice concern such topics as duties to help the global poor, the moral status of patriotism and of special duties toward compatriots, moral problems of globalization and global climate change, the ethics of war, and the moral implications of American power. My emphasis is on how transnational relationships of power shape political responsibilities, the theme of my book, Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power The rise of China has also influenced my work, including the construction of a set of videos, "Where Is China Headed? Frey and Christopher Wellman, eds.
Western Theories of Justice
Justice is one of the most important moral and political concepts. The word comes from the Latin jus , meaning right or law. But philosophers want to get beyond etymology and dictionary definitions to consider, for example, the nature of justice as both a moral virtue of character and a desirable quality of political society, as well as how it applies to ethical and social decision-making. This article will focus on Western philosophical conceptions of justice. These will be the greatest theories of ancient Greece those of Plato and Aristotle and of medieval Christianity Augustine and Aquinas , two early modern ones Hobbes and Hume , two from more recent modern times Kant and Mill , and some contemporary ones Rawls and several successors. Typically the article considers not only their theories of justice but also how philosophers apply their own theories to controversial social issues—for example, to civil disobedience, punishment, equal opportunity for women, slavery, war, property rights, and international relations.
On common accounts, we have a state of justice when everyone has their due. The study of justice has been concerned with what we owe one another, what obligations we might have to treat each other fairly in a range of domains, including over distributive and recognitional matters. Contemporary political philosophers had focused their theorizing about justice almost exclusively within the state, but the last twenty years or so has seen a marked extension to the global sphere, with a huge expansion in the array of topics covered. While some, such as matters of just conduct in war, have long been of concern, others are more recent and arise especially in the context of contemporary phenomena like intensified globalization, economic integration and potentially catastrophic anthropogenic climate change. Several questions soon became prominent in discussions including: What principles should guide international action? What responsibilities do we have to the global poor? Should global inequality be morally troubling?
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University of Toronto Quarterly
Can war ever be just? By what right do we charge people with war crimes? Can war itself be a crime?
If he has not entirely demonstrated to the reader that anything should flow from that insight, he has at least helped to delineate the middle path down which such a demonstration might go. The concern to reconcile the practice of war with theories of morality lies at the heart of the just war tradition. Indeed, Kant deemed the practice of resorting to war to be morally permissible in the non-ideal circumstances in which states found themselves.