Powers And Functions Of President In India Pdf
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Separation of powers is a model that divides the government into separate branches, each of which has separate and independent powers. By having multiple branches of government , this system helps to ensure that no one branch is more powerful than another.
- The Union Executive: Articles 52 to 78 and 123 Under Indian Constitution
- President of India
- President of India – Discretionary Powers You Never Knew Existed!
The Union Executive: Articles 52 to 78 and 123 Under Indian Constitution
This article deals with the provisions related to the Union Executive. A few days ago, helping my younger brother at the subject of civics, I was bombarded with questions like why is the president not the real head? And many more. Though I was able to answer many, some really made me scratch my head. Though the concept of Parliament and Union Executive seems simple, it has its own intricacies.
There is no special process for the election of the Prime Minister in the Constitution of India. Article 75 only says that India shall have a Prime Minister whose appointment shall be made by the President. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. The main functions of Prime Minister related to the Council of Ministers are as follows:. The Prime Minister recommends the names of members of his team to appoint as a Minister. The President can only make those people as ministers whose names are recommended by the Prime Minister.
The President is elected by members of an electoral college consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states in accordance with the system of proportional representation, by means of single transferable vote. To secure uniformity among state inter se, as well as parity between the states as a whole, and the Union, suitable weightage is given to each vote. The President must be a citizen of India, not less than 35 years of age, and qualified for election as member of the Lok Sabha. His term of office is five years, and he is eligible for re-election. His removal from office is to be in accordance with procedure prescribed in Article 61 of the Constitution.
President of India
Once the President has assented to the proposed course of action, the files go back to the concerned Ministries. Proactive Disclosure RTI. The RTI Act , provides that if any information sought by any person is held by or is primarily the function of another public authority such applications will be transferred to that other public authority. To Prevent delay - It is requested that the applications for information on subjects pertaining to Ministries or Departments may be sent directly to the Public Information Officer of the concerned public authority so that the requests can be attended to directly by the concerned authorities. Home Right to Information. Secretary to the President. Head of the Department.
President of India – Discretionary Powers You Never Knew Existed!
Indian President is not a ceremonial head, unlike many other countries. All important decisions regarding the country are taken in the name of Indian President, though most of these will be based on the binding advice given by Council of Ministers CoM , as per Article 74 of Indian Constitution. But there are certain exceptions, where he can use his discretionary powers.
The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India both houses and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories , who themselves are all directly elected. Although Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister a subordinate authority with the help of the Council of Ministers. India achieved independence from the British on 15 August , initially as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general. Ambedkar , undertook the process of drafting a completely new constitution for the country. The Constitution of India was eventually enacted on 26 November and came into force on 26 January ,  : 26 making India a republic.
The President of India is the executive head of India. He is the supreme command of the defence forces of India and the ceremonial head of the country and also called the first citizen of India. The President is elected indirectly by Electoral College in both houses of Parliament and the legislative assembly of each State and territory of India, who themselves are directly chosen by the people of India.