Ethnic Federalism In Ethiopia Challenges And Opportunities Pdf
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- Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia: Challenges and Opportunities
- Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia Challanges and Opportunities
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The regime transformed the hitherto centralised state into the Federal Democratic Republic and also redefined citizenship, politics and identity on ethnic grounds. The intent was to create a more prosperous, just and representative state for all its people. The government has created nine ethnic-based regional states and two federally administered city-states. The result is an asymmetrical federation that combines populous regional states like Oromiya and Amhara in the central highlands with sparsely populated and underdeveloped ones like Gambella and Somali. Although the constitution vests all powers not attributed to the federal government in them, the regional states are in fact weak.
Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia: Challenges and Opportunities
Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia Challanges and Opportunities. Author Nikodimos Abate Summary, in English The study of Federalism has attracted scholars of various fields for a long time.
Federalism as an instrument of balancing the tension between universalism and particularism has drawn more attention in pluralistic societies. After the end of the cold war era there is a drift in to reaffirmation of ethnic identity as a means of determining the public life of a society, the venture to ethnify federalism might be regarded as a pragmatic solution but still prone to critique.
How far ethnic federalism is a solution to problems of multi-ethnicity is yet to be seen. The choice favouring it is adopted in Ethiopia. The study aspires to clarify some of the ideas revolving around this form of federalism. More over the challenge this mode of federalism encumbers Ethiopia with and the opportunities it is pregnant with are hoped to be identified with a view to see how best one can utilize it.
In general this study consists of five chapters. The first chapter is introductory. Background, statement of the problem and methodology and source of Information of the study are stated in this chapter. Chapter two deals with conceptualization of the core notions of the study. This chapter will attempt to discuss Federalism, Ethnicity, and self-determination from a theoretical perspective. In chapter three survey of the constitutional development in Ethiopia will be made.
The Constitutional order will be described by focusing on the fundamental principles of the constitution. In Chapter four, the notion of federalism, ethnicity, and self-determination will be analyzed within the Ethiopian context. Their position in the constitutional legal order and the combined effects of the three in the country's public life will be explored. Vast coverage will be given under this chapter to problems concerning right of secession. Who is the claimant?
What are the procedures? What institutions are involved? What difficulties are faced? How far is secession to serve as a solution to problem of multi-ethnicity? And, whether secession is a threat to the Ethiopian federalism? These and other related questions are hoped to be raised and answered based on the analysis of the texts of the constitution and other relevant sources.
The constitutional recognition of customary and religious laws which is all the more intensified by ethnic federalism, the consequent pervasive legal pluralism and the impact on human rights protection will be the concern of chapter five. How can one maintain uniform human rights standards in a pluralized legal system? How do we handle human rights in the face of very slow, ill- equipped judicial system whose capability is as varied as the numbers of states and localities?
An attempt to answer these questions will be made under this chapter. The study closes with some words of concluding remarks. Document type Student publication for Master's degree one year.
Topic Law and Political Science. Keywords International Human Rights Law. Supervisor Gudmundur Alfredsson.
Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia Challanges and Opportunities
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This aptly describes the dizzying political sea change that Ethiopia has been going through since 2 April , the day that saw the election of Abiy Ahmed as the Prime Minister. Since then, the country has witnessed political reforms that, if sustained, will soon herald a new era of democratization and human rights. The media is now relatively free. The electoral commission is now led by a former judge and leading opposition figure who was once jailed and exiled for her role in the disputed election of that led to the deaths of hundreds of people. A committee of independent experts has been established to revise laws that undermined human rights and democratization. The demand for political and constitutional reforms is further intensifying.
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Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia Challanges and Opportunities. Author Nikodimos Abate Summary, in English The study of Federalism has attracted scholars of various fields for a long time. Federalism as an instrument of balancing the tension between universalism and particularism has drawn more attention in pluralistic societies. After the end of the cold war era there is a drift in to reaffirmation of ethnic identity as a means of determining the public life of a society, the venture to ethnify federalism might be regarded as a pragmatic solution but still prone to critique.