This Day In Rap And Hip Hop History Pdf
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The World IS Yours: A Brief History of Hip-Hop Education
We use the term Hip-Hop culture because it includes music, dance, spoken word, etc. For the purpose of this research project, we will only focus on the United States. Our goal is to expand the research to include the global Hip-Hop community. Crime was at an all time high, drugs and gangs pervaded many communities, unemployment rates were high, political corruption was prevalent, and slum lords burned hundreds of buildings to the ground Rose ; Fricke and Ahearn ; Chang There were other influential forces, however, that gave birth to Hip-Hop culture.
Between and , the African-American Civil Rights era spawned a social reform movement in the United States of mass protest, both violent and non-violent, boycotts, and sit-ins. The City was bankrupt and schools lacked adequate funding and maintenance. The Black Panthers and the Young Lords, both political organizations, helped the community through breakfast programs, garbage removal, and running newspaper operations.
The Black Studies movement laid out a new time and territory, one of contestation and new knowledge, in the United States Academy.
Black Studies combined the energies of the Free Speech movement, Civil Rights, Black Power, and general American concerns for a redistribution of the resources of knowledge production Baker, Jr. Simultaneously, Reggae music emerged from the crossfire of politics, renegades, and poverty. From Third World Black liberation songs to international peace anthems, Jamaican music would come to spark the resistance, ingenuity, competitiveness, and entrepreneurship traits within Hip-Hop culture.
Hip-Hop is an art form, lifestyle, communication tool for human rights and peace rooted in an ancient culture. It has many elements that shape its principles, philosophy, and aesthetics. Hip-Hop first started with the DJ, a. The next element to evolve from Hip-Hop culture was the MC, a. We witness this type of musical exchange in Christian congregations, children rhymes, Blues, Jazz, and Rhythm and Blues. By far, MCing has become the most successful element, taking on different forms from spoken word to freestyle improvisational to recording artistry.
The graffiti element, visual art, a. Using the mouth, tongue, lips, and voice creates the vocal percussions and musical sounds of the beatboxing element, which also has roots in African, Indian, and Chinese cultures.
Hip- Hop involves the hard and soft sciences including but not limited to engineering, science, math, religion, philosophy, and business. The world IS yours! Now what are you going to do with it? What legacy will you leave behind? Members of the first generation of Hip-Hop culture were exposed to this knowledge and hence became the first ambassadors to spread this mindset and way of life around the world.
Bambaata was the first Hip-Hop artist to go on a world tour with an entourage of artists to teach the different elements of Hip-Hop. The fifth element, as an education-centered and self-reflective tool, offers hope, instills agency, and widens world perspective. Hip-Hop energy also inculcates self-esteem, confidence, braggadocious debate, and rebel fashion style.
Whether in the classroom, gymnasium, recreation center, the park, or at home, Hip-Hop culture is ubiquitous and locally accessible to youth culture. Hip-Hop is also used in physical and mental therapy sessions, autism and special education classes, and traumatic rehabilitation therapy. For example, Dr. Hip-Hop-based education has empowered thousands of youth and adults around the world to develop their own identity, voice, and leadership in society.
From the housing projects in the South Bronx to the Favelas in Brazil or townships in South Africa, Hip-Hop culture is used to bring about social justice and advance personal liberation mental, physical, spiritual, economic.
As an extension of Black Studies history and praxis, Hip-Hop is a culturally relevant and responsive pedagogical tool used to engage youth in academic learning, develop artistic skills, and cultivate a social justice lens to critically analyze the surrounding world. The Hip-Hop generation or Generation X, born between , has now reached adulthood and has entered middle age Kitwana The Hip-Hop demographic is now made up of mothers and fathers, grandparents, doctors, lawyers, teachers, scholars, entrepreneurs, lawyers, and philanthropists, contributing to communities socially, emotionally, physically, and economically.
The Hip-Hop generation continues to make its mark on society by transferring knowledge and cultural currency to the next generation - the post-Hip-Hop and the millennial generation. The Hip-Hop community has always addressed social inequality and has challenged the status quo through counter-narratives and unconventional organizing approaches. The Hip-Hop activist movement has successfully demonstrated how it is possible to galvanize, engage, educate, and mobilize people about issues concerning the community through the arts Ards ; Bynoe ; Chang Influential community and political leaders have emerged from Hip-Hop activism, captivating large audiences and penetrating new markets e.
State Department Hip-Hop Ambassador. Unfortunately, Hip-Hop activism has been diluted and co-opted by politicians, advertising executives, and artists seeking to market and sell other messages and products Klein ; Moore Some were already there.
Others have evolved into social entrepreneurs and have converted their services and solutions into social enterprising ventures. The most successful social entrepreneurs navigate between the civic, governmental and business worlds. They lecture, facilitate workshops, curate programs at universities, colleges, libraries, and museums, self-publish books and curriculum, produce art, music and media projects, launch merchandise and distribution labels, and start after school programs and charter schools.
Through a grant partnership with Zero Divide in San Francisco, Washington, DC-based Word Beats and Life provides capacity building assistance to over individuals, for- and-non-profit companies that offer after-school programs and other out-of-school time enrichment programs. WBL has a contract with the City to run after-school programs and they partner up with other organizations on projects.
This social entrepreneurship model has given birth to a new sustainable and profitable movement, one that is connecting education with community on a local, state, national, and international level. HHSEs shift consciousness and alter the way people within the culture behave and conduct traditional Hip-Hop business.
Paul, Minnesota, a. HSRA is a student-centered, public charter school that operates within and around a professional recording studio. Students master the common core standards through the arts, media, and entrepreneurship. This groundbreaking book provides evidence that will catapult the Hip-Hop education field to the next level. As other Hip- Hop artists begin developing their own schools, Hip-Hop Genius serves as resource and template.
Since then, the amount of Hip-Hop conferences and symposiums at institutions of higher learning has increased significantly engaging thousands of students, faculty, administrators, and community members at-large. Today, there are well over books, published articles, and dissertations that document, investigate, and analyze the interdisciplinary pedagogical value of Hip-Hop culture.
We are also witnessing the proliferation of Hip-Hop archives, centers and programs. It is first institution promulgating the research, evaluation, training, and archiving of Hip-Hop education. They have turned into philanthro-capitalists who create non- profits organizations for different causes. Graffiti artist, fashion designer and entrepreneur Marc Ecko founded SEE Sweat Equity Enterprises in to reimagine the intersection between education and entrepreneurship.
This project-based learning program teaches students to develop original graphic, product, and apparel designs from concept to prototype through real-world experiences with corporations. DJ Beverly Bond founded Black Girls Rock, a youth empowerment and mentoring organization established to promote the arts for young women of color, as well as to encourage dialogue and analysis of the ways women of color are portrayed in the media.
Recording artist and producer, Pharrell Williams from N. D, recently announced that he teamed up with the City of Virginia Beach to build a resource center in Williams Farm Park. Entrepreneurs and journalists have chronicled Hip- Hop history and have written about successful Hip-Hop practices. This convergence is helping to professionalize and propel the next phase of the Hip-Hop education movement.
These are a few milestones that demonstrate the power and promise that Hip-Hop culture has towards true education reform. There is plenty of written evidence that indicates how each of the elements of Hip-Hop culture can be used for consciousness raising and liberation Morrell and Duncan- Andrade ; Akom ; Parmar The history of Hip-Hop education shows us how it continues to raise consciousness and create breakthroughs with previously disconnected populations.
In , Dr. Howard Gardner released Frame of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences with the aim of challenging and broadening the concept of what it means to have and measure intelligence.
Gardner describes seven types of intelligences: verbal-linguistic and logical mathematical, visual-spatial intelligence, bodily- kinesthetic, musical-rhythmic, and two forms of personal intelligence — intrapersonal and interpersonal Gardner , 7.
Bodily- kinesthetic is animated through Hip-Hop dance and theater performance. Musical- rhythmic is showcased through the DJ and music producer.
The intrapersonal shines through the understanding of the fifth element, knowledge of self, and the interpersonal intelligence is shown through knowledge of the community as community organizer, teacher, and activist Diaz ; Banks A century ago, mass media culture did not exist. Not only can media both students productions and critical analysis of mass media serve as vigorous and purposeful storytelling apparatus across the curricula, it can become the glue to retaining knowledge by teaching youth to critically understand, speak and act in response to the language of image.
Hip-Hop education practitioners use media as a three-prong instrument: media for critical literacy, media production for a two-way communication, and media as a bridge. Media for critical literacy is the first phase to understanding the power of media and how it manipulates our daily lives.
Media literacy is distinct because it is simply the ability to analyze, evaluate and comprehend the devices to create communication. On the other hand, media production is the development and responses to messages. Media as a bridge is, therefore, the connection to past, present and the future of history through archives and documentation Goodman ; Hill and Vasudevan Hip-Hop pedagogy takes on many forms of practice.
These are only but a few examples. We hope to provide more insight in the next research phase. We highly recommend reading the books listed in both the scan and narrative reports for further study. Ards, A. Murray Forman and Mark Anthony Neal, New York, NY.
Rap and Hip Hop
There are various explanations for the source of the term hip-hop. While a number of people were influential in the creation of hip-hop, much credit is given to Kool Herc Clive Campbell , a Jamaican immigrant who was the first major hip-hop disc jockey. At a Bronx party on August 11, , he introduced the technique of playing the same album on two turntables and extending the drum section which became known as the breakbeat. Many recognize this night as the birth of hip-hop. Other pioneering hip-hop deejays include Afrika Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash. Within weeks of its release, it became a chart-topping phenomenon and gave its name to a new genre of pop music.
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In the more than 40 years since the days of DJ Kool Herc and "Rapper's Delight," hip-hop and rap have become a billion-pound worldwide cultural phenomenon that reaches well beyond music, into fashion, movies, art and politics. Yet there is no definitive history of the genre - until now. Get a first look at this massive and comprehensive compendium before it officially publishes in October. Including details of the most iconic moments and influential songs in the genre's recorded history, from Kurtis Blow's "Christmas Rappin'" to The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill to Kendrick Lamar's verse on "Control," the book will also include key events in hip-hop history, from Grandmaster Flash's first scratch through to Tupac's holographic appearance at Coachella. Throughout the book, Chuck offers an insider's perspective on the chart toppers, artists and key moments. Illustrating the pages are more than portraits from mADurgency, an artist collective specialising in art and design for the hip-hop community. Chuck D.
Political hip hop
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Inspired by s political preachers such as The Last Poets and musician Gil Scott-Heron , Public Enemy was the first predominately political hip-hop group. There is no all-encompassing political hip-hop ideology; rather, there are multiple perspectives that range anywhere from anarchism to Marxism to the values of the Five Percent Nation. Conscious hip hop is not necessarily overtly political, but the terms "conscious hip hop" and "political hip hop" are sometimes used interchangeably. Conscious hip hop began to gain traction in the 80's, along with hip hop in general.
The lowest-priced brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item in its original packaging where packaging is applicable. Packaging should be the same as what is found in a retail store, unless the item is handmade or was packaged by the manufacturer in non-retail packaging, such as an unprinted box or plastic bag. See details for additional description.
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