Famous Mathematicians And Their Contributions Pdf

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Lists of mathematicians

Srinivasa Ramanujan , born December 22, , Erode , India—died April 26, , Kumbakonam , Indian mathematician whose contributions to the theory of numbers include pioneering discoveries of the properties of the partition function. At age 15 Srinivasa Ramanujan obtained a mathematics book containing thousands of theorems , which he verified and from which he developed his own ideas.

Srinivasa Ramanujan is remembered for his unique mathematical brilliance, which he had largely developed by himself.

This collection of thousands of theorems , many presented with only the briefest of proofs and with no material newer than , aroused his genius. In he secured a scholarship to the University of Madras but lost it the following year because he neglected all other studies in pursuit of mathematics. Ramanujan continued his work, without employment and living in the poorest circumstances. After marrying in he began a search for permanent employment that culminated in an interview with a government official, Ramachandra Rao.

In Ramanujan published the first of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. His genius slowly gained recognition, and in he began a correspondence with the British mathematician Godfrey H.

Hardy that led to a special scholarship from the University of Madras and a grant from Trinity College, Cambridge. Overcoming his religious objections, Ramanujan traveled to England in , where Hardy tutored him and collaborated with him in some research. Although he was almost completely unaware of modern developments in mathematics, his mastery of continued fractions was unequaled by any living mathematician.

He worked out the Riemann series, the elliptic integrals , hypergeometric series, the functional equations of the zeta function , and his own theory of divergent series, in which he found a value for the sum of such series using a technique he invented that came to be called Ramanujan summation. Though brilliant, many of his theorems on the theory of prime numbers were wrong. In England Ramanujan made further advances, especially in the partition of numbers the number of ways that a positive integer can be expressed as the sum of positive integers; e.

His papers were published in English and European journals, and in he was elected to the Royal Society of London. In Ramanujan had contracted tuberculosis , but his condition improved sufficiently for him to return to India in He died the following year, generally unknown to the world at large but recognized by mathematicians as a phenomenal genius, without peer since Leonhard Euler —83 and Carl Jacobi — Print Cite verified Cite.

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Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: number theory: Number theory in the 20th century. Ramanujan, whose formal training was as limited as his life was short, burst upon the mathematical scene with a series of brilliant discoveries.

Hardy arranged for Ramanujan to be brought to Cambridge in , filled in the gaps in his mathematical education by private tutoring, and coauthored several papers with him before Ramanujan…. In the early 21st century, computers calculated pi to 31,,,, decimal places, as well as its two-quadrillionth digit when expressed in binary 0.

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Srinivasa Ramanujan and his contribution to mathematics

Mathematics has witnessed some of the most genius brains pondering over complex problems and solving them to unravel mysteries of Universe, science, and life. The world salutes the great mathematicians and their contributions. There is certainly no end to the series of such great people, whose works created the platform for others to produce seminal works in mathematics. The greatest scholar of the ancient era, Archimedes made phenomenal contribution in the field of mathematics. His works include finding various computation techniques to determine volume and area of several shapes, including the conic section. Would you like to write for us? Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word.

9 Famous Female Mathematicians Who Have Changed The World & What We Can Learn From Them

Srinivasa Ramanujan , born December 22, , Erode , India—died April 26, , Kumbakonam , Indian mathematician whose contributions to the theory of numbers include pioneering discoveries of the properties of the partition function. At age 15 Srinivasa Ramanujan obtained a mathematics book containing thousands of theorems , which he verified and from which he developed his own ideas. Srinivasa Ramanujan is remembered for his unique mathematical brilliance, which he had largely developed by himself. This collection of thousands of theorems , many presented with only the briefest of proofs and with no material newer than , aroused his genius. In he secured a scholarship to the University of Madras but lost it the following year because he neglected all other studies in pursuit of mathematics.

Unfortunately, there is a stereotype that still prevails today that maths is a male subject and that girls are no good at it. What Maryam did: Iranian-born Maryam Mirzakhani was one of the greatest mathematicians of her generation, making exceptional contributions to the study of the dynamics and geometry of mathematical objects called Riemann surfaces. She was a professor at Stanford University and held a Ph. D from Harvard University. She shows us that, even in a male-dominated field, women can be role models and lead the way forward with their discoveries.

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