National Traffic And Motor Vehicle Safety Act Pdf

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National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act

During its second session, the 89th Congress took up the issue of comprehensive traffic and motor vehicle safety for the first time. Previous congresses had addressed some traffic safety issues in limited ways. However, a National Safety Council report estimating that automobile accidents resulted in 49, deaths, 1. Auto industry giants, including General Motors, Ford, Chrysler, and American Motors, initially resisted these developments, arguing that driver error and poor road conditions, not their cars, were to blame.

President Johnson waded into the highway safety debate in early , throwing support behind congressional action in his State of the Union address and subsequent speeches. Ribicoff argued for the creation of mandatory automobile safety standards to be implemented and enforced within one year after their establishment.

Despite auto industry opposition to the strengthening measure, the committee reported S with an amended Title I on June 23rd. The approved amendment required the Secretary of Commerce to establish interim safety standards by January 31, and revised standards by January 31, One day later, the Senate approved the amended bill by roll-call vote.

The House bill also contained strengthening amendments, including a stipulation subjecting all trucks and buses already regulated by the Interstate Commerce Committee to the mandatory safety standards and a provision directing the Secretary of Commerce to also develop uniform safety standards for all used vehicles.

On August 17, the House passed HR with amendments by roll call vote. The new law was much more stringent than the initial administration bill, and it reflected the focus on consumer protections that was apparent in much of the Great Society legislation.

In all, the act required the establishment federal motor vehicle safety standards for all new domestic and imported vehicles by January 31, that would go into effect within a year of publication. Federal standards for used cars were to be developed and instituted within two years. The new law also addressed specific concerns about tire safety by directing the Secretary of Commerce to establish a uniform system for grading tire quality and requiring safety information on all tire labels.

Finally, the Motor Vehicle Safety Act required manufacturers to notify dealers, purchasers, and the Secretary of Commerce of safety-related defects on their products and to pay for the cost of repairs. Previous Page. Next Page.

National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act

The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act was enacted in the United States in to empower the federal government to set and administer new safety standards for motor vehicles and road traffic safety. The Act was the first mandatory federal safety standards for motor vehicles. The Act was one of a number of initiatives by the government in response to increasing number of cars and associated fatalities and injuries on the road following a period when the number of people killed on the road had increased 6-fold and the number of vehicles was up fold since The reduction of the rate of death attributable to motor-vehicle crashes in the United States represents the successful public health response to a great technologic advance of the 20th century—the motorization of America. Systematic motor-vehicle safety efforts began during the s. He defined interactions between host human , agent motor vehicle , and environmental highway factors before, during, and after crashes resulting in injuries. Many changes in both vehicle and highway design followed this mandate.

The reduction of the rate of death attributable to motor-vehicle crashes in the United States represents the successful public health response to a great technologic advance of the 20th century—the motorization of America. Six times as many people drive today as in , and the number of motor vehicles in the country has increased fold since then to approximately million. Despite this steep increase in motor-vehicle travel, the annual death rate has declined from 18 per million vehicle miles traveled VMT in to 1. Figure 1. Systematic motor-vehicle safety efforts began during the s. The systematic approach to motor-vehicle-related injury prevention began with NHSB's first director, Dr. William Haddon.

National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966

An Act to provide for a coordinated national safety program and establishment of safety standards for motor vehicles in interstate commerce to reduce accidents involving motor vehicles and to reduce the deaths and injuries occurring in such accidents. The act required regulators to establish federal motor vehicle safety standards to protect the public against "unreasonable risk of accidents occurring as a result of the design, construction or performance of motor vehicles" and also against "unreasonable risk of death or injury The act was motivated by a variety of factors. First and foremost, the public was growing increasingly concerned over the rising number of traffic fatalities on the nation's roads. Such fatalities had increased by nearly 30 percent between and , and experts forecasted , such deaths annually by unless something was done to improve traffic safety.

Both acts were passed by Congress and signed by Pres. Lyndon Johnson in By , automobile accidents had become the leading cause of death of Americans under age Both government and manufacturers had largely ignored the issue, though, until a series of events focused national attention on automobile safety and culminated in litigation and automobile recalls in the years following the establishment of the NHSB and NHTSA. A relatively obscure lawyer named Ralph Nader emphasized the issue of automobile safety in his book Unsafe at Any Speed , which focused on the alleged defects of the Chevrolet Corvair.

National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966

During its second session, the 89th Congress took up the issue of comprehensive traffic and motor vehicle safety for the first time.

Motor-Vehicle Safety: A 20th Century Public Health Achievement

Show full menu Hide full menu. Show previous versions Hide previous versions. For the purposes of a document, information, application, prosecution, process or other proceeding commenced or issued under or pursuant to this Act, any one or more of the terms "disqualified", "suspended", "cancelled" or "prohibited" or terms to like effect and other parts of speech and tenses of those terms may be used synonymously or interchangeably and the use of one or more or any of those terms does not affect the validity or sufficiency of the document, information, application, prosecution, process or other proceeding. Interpretation re certain provisions requiring driving on the right 1 4.

The currency "laws in effect" date does not reflect acts for which classification has not been finalized. Does not conform to section catchline. The purpose of this chapter is to reduce traffic accidents and deaths and injuries resulting from traffic accidents.

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, required the National Highway Traffic Safety. Administration to conduct a study of the benefits to motor vehicle drivers of a regulation to require the in-.


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