List Of Countries And Their Capitals And Presidents And Prime Ministers Pdf 2016

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list of countries and their capitals and presidents and prime ministers pdf 2016

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Women Presidents and Prime Ministers in Post-Transition Democracies

To enjoy our content, please include The Japan Times on your ad-blocker's list of approved sites. The year-old leader is the son of a prominent Italian-born industrialist and was brought up in the family business. He studied civil engineering at university and served as a senior official in various construction concerns and other companies.

In , he was kidnapped by rogue police officers and was held for nearly two weeks until his family paid his ransom, an experience that purportedly led him to pursue a career in politics.

Morrison campaigned on a policy of fiscally responsible action on climate change, rejecting proposals to increase renewable energy on the grounds it would damage mining exports and drive up electricity prices. Retired military officer Bolsonaro took office in January, with a promise to crack down on crime and ease gun control laws so that ordinary people could defend themselves. Hailing from Sao Paulo, he graduated from a military academy and joined a paratrooper brigade.

He decided to pursue a political career after being disciplined for writing a column in a local magazine in advocating for increased military salaries. He served as a lower house member for seven consecutive terms from before being elected president. From very early in his life, he has been in the public eye.

The year-old graduated from McGill University in with a Bachelor of Arts degree in literature and continued on to complete a Bachelor of Education degree at the University of British Columbia.

He then spent several years teaching French and math among other subjects. After his younger brother died in an avalanche while skiing in , Trudeau became involved in promoting avalanche safety. The telegenic prime minister entered politics in He was elected leader of the Liberal Party in April , and attracted support particularly from younger voters with his call for respecting diversity and ensuring fair economic opportunities.

All eyes will be on the meeting of Xi and U. President Donald Trump on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in search of a breakthrough in their bitter trade dispute. Since taking office in , Xi has solidified power at home via his signature anti-corruption campaign and economic reforms. The year-old has also sought to assert a stronger military presence in the resource-rich East and South China seas, a strategy that has inflamed tensions with neighbors, including Japan.

The former prime minister of Poland has been at the helm of the European Union since His second and final term as president is set to end in November. He earned his living as a blue-collar worker for some years until the end of communist rule in Poland. In , Tusk became the first member from among the 10 countries that joined the European Union in to occupy one of the most important posts in Brussels.

He was re-elected president of the European Council in During the Ukraine crisis, he held a series of talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and took a firm stance against Russia, while calling for EU unity. Juncker, a year-old former prime minister of Luxembourg, is known as one of the main architects of the Maastricht Treaty signed in that established the European Union and led to the creation of a common currency, the euro. He was first appointed to a government post at the age of 28 and swiftly rose through the ranks.

He served as Luxembourg prime minister for almost 20 years from before being elected to the presidency of the European Commission in The year-old former economy minister was the first president not to belong to either of the two major political forces that had shaped politics in postwar France. The president polished his language skills working as an assistant editor of the works of philosopher Paul Ricoeur, after which he served as the economy minister in Macron expressed his determination to rebuild Notre Dame Cathedral within five years after a devastating fire engulfed it on April 15, with various countries, including Japan, pledging support for its reconstruction.

She grew up in East Germany and is fluent in Russian. Merkel, trained as a physicist, worked at the Central Institute for Physical Chemistry at the Academy of Sciences in Berlin before entering politics in She served an array of positions prior to becoming chancellor, including minister for women and youth, during which she emphasized the benefits of good early childhood education, as well as parental leave for both parents.

In October, Merkel announced that she would not seek re-election as the leader of the Christian Democratic Union and said she would step down as chancellor in , bringing her 16 years in power to an end. He is the first prime minister of India to be born after India attained independence.

Facing slowing economic growth and high unemployment, Modi has pledged to increase infrastructure investment and improve living standards in regional areas. Abe and Modi have built a close relationship through a series of reciprocal visits. Modi, a former tea seller, rose through the ranks of the Bharatiya Janata Party and became prime minister in He was born to a poor family in a small town in Gujarat in western India.

He completed his M. His expected trip to Japan will follow his re-election in an April presidential race that will extend his term to He was first elected to lead the country of million in Born in Solo in Central Java province in , Jokowi studied forestry at Gadjah Mada University and was successful in his furniture exporting business.

He continued those activities after being elected president. Riding on the success of the Asian Games last summer, the president has expressed his willingness to host the Summer Olympics in as the first Southeast Asian country to do so.

Before being sworn in as prime minister of Italy in June , Conte was a law professor with no previous political experience. The year-old, who has a reputation as a sharp dresser, was picked by the anti-establishment 5-Star Movement and the Northern League, which form the current ruling coalition that ended a months-long political vacuum after no single party won a majority in the last general election.

In a meeting the following month in Italy, which will hold the G20 presidency in , he agreed with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on the need for high-quality infrastructure that can achieve both economic growth and fiscal sustainability. The expert in civil law graduated from Sapienza University of Rome.

He later ran a law firm, while teaching at some universities. Since his return to power in touting his Abenomics policy mix, the year-old, who was born into an establishment political family, has been working on various economic reforms to pull Japan out of chronic deflation. Positioning himself as U. His grandfather, Nobusuke Kishi, was also prime minister from to The year-old joined the then-dominant Institutional Revolutionary Party in before moving to the Party of the Democratic Revolution.

He has vowed to eradicate corruption and transform Mexico. Obrador, known for his hardline stance against the United States, is tasked with dealing with the issues of illegal immigrants and free trade negotiations with U. President Donald Trump. He reveres Benito Pablo Juarez Garcia, the former president and national hero. Putin, in his fourth term as president, is a familiar face among world leaders. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe plans to meet with Putin on the sidelines of the G20 Summit, with the focus on any progress in bilateral negotiations to conclude a postwar peace treaty.

Putin is known as a dog lover and a judoka who does not hide his appreciation for the Japanese sport. He was born in what is now St. Petersburg in Russia, and earned his law degree at Leningrad State University. Son of King Salman bin Abdulaziz, year-old Mohammed bin Salman is widely considered to be the power behind the throne, having been elevated to heir presumptive in He will attend the G20 Summit in place of the king, as he did last year.

The crown prince, known as MBS, has pushed to liberalize the conservative Muslim nation, including removing a ban on female drivers and limiting the powers of the religious police that had enforced strict morality codes. MBS has also sought to diversify the economy past its huge, but finite, oil reserves such as by attracting investment, but those efforts hit a snag due to a delay in plans to take state-owned oil company Saudi Aramco public.

The crown prince serves concurrently as deputy prime minister and defense minister of Saudi Arabia, which will host the G20 Summit next year.

He is known as a fan of Japanese manga and anime. He graduated from King Saud University with a B. Unlike other Saudi royals, he did not receive an education in the West. Ramaphosa first came to public attention when he appeared alongside anti-apartheid icon and later President Nelson Mandela when he was making his first public speech in upon his release from prison.

Ramaphosa retired from politics in and became a director of an investment company. He returned to politics in The year-old has been seeking to establish a role as a mediator in the nuclear standoff between the United States and North Korea. But that has been put to the test following the breakdown of talks between U.

Moon was born on Geoje Island in South Gyeongsang province to poor parents who fled North Korea during the Korean War, which ended in an armistice agreement. He was arrested twice while attending university, including in for taking part in protests against the dictatorship of then-President Park Chung-hee. Before entering politics, Moon served as a human rights lawyer, running a law office in Busan with Roh Moo-hyun, who also later became president.

Moon was sworn in as president in May for a five-year term after his predecessor Park Geun-hye was impeached over a corruption scandal. His achievements during the past two years in office include improvement in inter-Korean relations, having held talks with Kim three times since last year. Erdogan, a soccer player-turned-politician, has led the country for more than 15 years since becoming prime minister in In , he assumed the presidency, which before was a mostly ceremonial role.

He has cemented his power since a failed coup by a faction of the military in July Following the incident, the government instituted a state of emergency from July to July On April 16, , a constitutional referendum was held and resulted in voters approving constitutional amendments changing Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential system. The amendments went into full effect following the presidential and parliamentary elections in June , when Erdogan was re-elected for another five-year term, with new executive powers endorsed in the referendum.

Erdogan has held talks with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe a number of times. But the year-old resigned as leader of the Conservative Party on June 7 after having repeatedly failed to secure parliamentary approval for her Brexit deal. She will, however, remain as prime minister until her successor is selected, possibly by the end of July. She went to both state-run and private schools before studying geography at St. When former Prime Minister David Cameron took power in , she was appointed home secretary and in that role advocated tighter restrictions on immigration.

She was the longest-serving home secretary for over 60 years. A real estate developer and television personality once seen as a long-shot Republican candidate for president, Trump is now setting his sights on re-election amid a trade war with China, stalled negotiations on North Korean denuclearization and tensions with Iran over its nuclear deal.

The president is an avid golfer who often uses the game to conduct business. He is a non-smoker who loves fast food, but abstains from alcohol, preferring to drink Diet Coke. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has developed a personal rapport with Trump, with the two frequently holding talks and playing golf.

Trump will be visiting Japan again after his trip as a state guest in May.

List of state leaders in 2020

Also available in the following language: French , Arabic. To strengthen cooperation and solidarity among the Member States and to protect the rights and interests of the Islamic World. The Organisation of the Islamic Conference was established by decision of the First Islamic Summit Conference held in Rabat on September , upon the reactions of the Islamic world provoked by the arson attack against Al-Aqsa Mosque, which is the third holiest site in Islam and located in Jerusalem under the Israeli occupation, by an Australian extremist Jewish on 21 August At the 1 st Session of the CFM in Jeddah in March , it was agreed to establish the General Secretariat and bring it into operation in Jeddah until the liberation of Jerusalem, furthermore a Secretary General was appointed. The New Charter forms the legal basis and the organs necessary for the cooperation and activities among the Islamic countries in accordance with the contemporary requirements in the recent environment that have undergone radical changes in the international fora since It meets once in every three years in one of the Member States, holds consultations to achieve the goals specified in the OIC Charter and adopts resolutions on the policy to be followed to this end. Member States host the Summit meetings alternatively on the basis of the geographical groups Arab, Asia and Africa.

Capital is a municipality enjoying primary status in a country, state, or province. It is usually the seat of the Government or the Governing body. A capital is typically a city that physically encompasses the offices and meeting places of its respective Government. The status as the capital is often designated by its law or constitution. This article provides a list of Countries and Capitals along with countries that have more than one capital with pictures of their flags which will help you remember it faster. Go through the article to know more about it.

Who is the first female President in Africa? How many female Presidents has Africa had so far? This is one of many unknown great stories of African women. These are African Women Heads of State as of During this period, she served as the acting President of the country from October 27, to February 5, when the incumbent President Melchior Ndadaye was shot together with 6 of his officials. After his death, Kiningi gathered 15 ministers to continue to govern the country. Thus, technically making her the first female president on the continent.

Profiles of G20 leaders

This is a list of current heads of state and heads of government. In some cases, mainly in presidential systems , there is only one leader being both head of state and head of government. In other cases, mainly in semi-presidential and parliamentary systems , the head of state and the head of government are different people.

Executive Summary

 - Ты считаешь, что мы готовы взять на себя такую ответственность. Ты считаешь, что кто-нибудь готов. Это же крайне недальновидно. Ты говоришь, что наше дерьмовое правительство исходит из высших интересов людей. Но что будет, если какое-нибудь будущее правительство станет вести себя .

Нуматака хорошо понимал, что эти поклоны вовсе не свидетельствует об их любви к нему, они - всего лишь знак вежливости, которую японские служащие проявляют по отношению даже к самым ненавистным начальникам. Нуматака проследовал прямо на коммутатор компании. Все звонки принимались единственным оператором на двенадцатиканальный терминал Коренсо-2000. Телефонистка, державшая трубку у уха, мгновенно поднялась и поклонилась, увидев босса. - Садитесь! - рявкнул Нуматака.

Сьюзан не могла с этим смириться, видя, как он выкладывает за их обед свою дневную заработную плату, но спорить с ним было бесполезно. Она в конце концов перестала протестовать, но это продолжало ее беспокоить. Я зарабатываю гораздо больше, чем в состоянии потратить, - думала она, - поэтому будет вполне естественным, если я буду платить. Но если не считать его изрядно устаревших представлений о рыцарстве, Дэвид, по мнению Сьюзан, вполне соответствовал образцу идеального мужчины. Внимательный и заботливый, умный, с прекрасным чувством юмора и, самое главное, искренне интересующийся тем, что она делает. Чем бы они ни занимались - посещали Смитсоновский институт, совершали велосипедную прогулку или готовили спагетти у нее на кухне, - Дэвид всегда вникал во все детали. Сьюзан отвечала на те вопросы, на которые могла ответить, и постепенно у Дэвида сложилось общее представление об Агентстве национальной безопасности - за исключением, разумеется, секретных сторон деятельности этого учреждения.

Беккер достал из кармана бумажник. - Конечно, я буду счастлив тебе заплатить.

 Коммандер, не думаете же вы… - Сьюзан расхохоталась. Но Стратмор не дал ей договорить. - Сьюзан, это же абсолютно ясно.

Прикрыв рукой глаза, он выругался и встал возле собора в маленьком дворике, образованном высокой каменной стеной, западной стороной башни Гиральда и забором из кованого железа. За открытыми воротами виднелась площадь, на которой не было ни души, а за ней, вдали, - стены Санта-Круса. Беккер не мог исчезнуть, тем более так .

Альфа-группы повсюду. Джабба не шелохнулся. - Мы ищем цифровой ключ, черт его дери.

Сокращенно NDAKOTA. Подумать. - Что вы имеете в виду. - Да он смеялся над нами.

Уничтожение ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Уже несколько лет Танкадо пытался рассказать миру о ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ, но ему никто не хотел верить. Поэтому он решил уничтожить это чудовище в одиночку.

Сьюзан открыла одно из старых входящих сообщений, и у нее тотчас же перехватило дыхание. ТО: NDAKOTAARA. ANON.

Стратмор также понимал, что первым делом нужно разрядить ситуацию. Выдержав паузу, он как бы нехотя вздохнул: - Хорошо, Грег. Ты выиграл.

Увы, ангар был пуст. О Боже. Где же самолет.

Расстрельная камера, мысленно усмехнулся. Халохот оценил расстояние до входа. Семь ступеней. Он мысленно прорепетировал предстоящее убийство. Если у входа на площадку взять вправо, можно увидеть самый дальний левый угол площадки, даже еще не выйдя на .

Наркобароны, боссы, террористы и люди, занятые отмыванием криминальных денег, которым надоели перехваты и прослушивание их переговоров по сотовым телефонам, обратились к новейшему средству мгновенной передачи сообщений по всему миру - электронной почте. Теперь, считали они, им уже нечего было опасаться, представ перед Большим жюри, услышать собственный записанный на пленку голос как доказательство давно забытого телефонного разговора, перехваченного спутником АНБ. Никогда еще получение разведывательной информации не было столь легким делом. Шифры, перехваченные АНБ, вводились в ТРАНСТЕКСТ и через несколько минуты выплевывались из машины в виде открытого текста. Секретов отныне больше не существовало.

Договорились. Девушка покачала головой. - Как бы я хотела сказать .

 - Он провел рукой по своим коротко стриженным волосам.  - Я кое о чем тебе не рассказал. Иной раз человек в моем положении… - Он замялся, словно принимая трудное решение.

Если кто-то в этой комнате считает, что ключ к шифру-убийце содержится еще где-то, помимо этого кольца, я готов его выслушать.  - Директор выдержал паузу. Никто не проронил ни слова.

Программное обеспечение ТРАНСТЕКСТА по раскрытию кодов должно храниться в Федеральной резервной системе и министерстве юстиции. Это должно было гарантировать, что АНБ не сможет перехватывать частную переписку законопослушных граждан во всем мире.


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    This is a list of heads of state , heads of governments , and other rulers in the year

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    To enjoy our content, please include The Japan Times on your ad-blocker's list of approved sites.

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