List Of Governor General And Viceroy Of India Pdf

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list of governor general and viceroy of india pdf

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Lord Canning.

Click Here. Acquisition of territories in Malay Penisula; Capture of Bharatpur Lord W.

Warren Hastings

Warren Hastings , born December 6, , Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, , Daylesford , the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from to and was impeached though acquitted on his return to England. The son of a clergyman of the Church of England , Hastings was abandoned by his father at an early age. He was brought up by an uncle, who gave him what was probably the best education then available for a boy of his inclinations, at Westminster School in London.

Hastings showed great promise as a schoolboy and seems at Westminster to have acquired the literary and scholarly tastes that were later to give him a serious interest in Indian culture and civilization. He was then taken away from school and granted a writership as the junior appointments in the East India Company were called , and in , at age 17, he sailed for Bengal. In British contact with India was still the monopoly of the East India Company, which was engaged in buying and selling goods at small settlements in Indian ports.

But after the outlook for both the company and its servants was radically altered. The company became involved in hostilities in India both with the French and with Indian rulers, and under Robert Clive its army was able to depose the nawab, or Indian governor, of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey in Although the company did not at this stage intend to set itself up as the actual ruler of the province, it was now so powerful that the new nawabs became its satellites.

Thus, the servants, including Hastings, began to be drawn more and more into Indian politics. His career was cut short, however, by bitter disputes within the Council. Short of money, Hastings sought service in India again. In he was appointed second in Council in Madras. Since he had last been in Bengal, the disintegration and demoralization of the normal Indian government of the province, begun after Plassey, had gathered speed; yet the company had been reluctant to create a new system in its place.

In practical terms Bengal was in the power of the British, who were also virtually its legal rulers after being granted in the powers called the dewanee by the Mughal emperor.

But the business of government was still conducted by Indian officials, with very limited European participation. His view of the role of the British in India was later to be regarded as a very conservative one. Bengal was to be governed in strictly traditional ways, and the life of its people was not to be disturbed by innovation. To ensure good government, however, he felt that the British must actively intervene. He acquired the new title of governor-general and new responsibilities for supervising other British settlements in India, but these powers had now to be shared with a Supreme Council of four others, three of whom were new to India.

The new councillors, who were led by an army officer, Sir John Clavering, and included the immensely able and ambitious Philip Francis , immediately quarreled with Hastings.

Bribery, extortion, and other abuses of power by Englishmen, which had been so common since Plassey, undoubtedly continued. The quarrel between the new councillors and Hastings paralyzed the government of Bengal and produced a number of squalid episodes in which the newcomers, to discredit Hastings at home, encouraged Indians to bring accusations of malpractices against him, while his friends used various methods to deter such accusations.

The most notorious of these episodes concerned one Maharaja Nandakumar , who made accusations against the governor-general but was in his turn accused of forgery and hanged for it. Hastings was certainly not guilty of procuring a judicial murder, but recent research does suggest that he knew in advance of the counterplot against Nandakumar.

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Author of The Impeachment of Warren Hastings and others. See Article History. Early life The son of a clergyman of the Church of England , Hastings was abandoned by his father at an early age. Governorship of Bengal Short of money, Hastings sought service in India again.

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Viceroys and Governor

Remember these persons as General Knowledge in Indian History for upcoming competitive examinations and govt. Small details about their works are given below. You probably try to know their involvement in the field of Indian administration policies, social activities, and cultural activities. Warren Hastings — — the first governor general of India. How the Governor Generals and Viceroys were involved in India?

These men has made some certain laws and taken decisions and acts which favoured and hampered the growth of the country. We have provided below the list of Governor-General and Viceroys of India and pdf can also download. Candidates can also check the Governor General of Bengal list who have ruled from to by clicking on below link. Sir Charles Metcalfe Lord Auckland


Sir John Shore.


General Knowledge for IAS Exams (Governor-General and Viceroys)

Download this as PDF. The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. The Regulating Act, however, granted them additional powers relating to foreign affairs and defence.

List of British Viceroys during British India

Warren Hastings , born December 6, , Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, , Daylesford , the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from to and was impeached though acquitted on his return to England. The son of a clergyman of the Church of England , Hastings was abandoned by his father at an early age. He was brought up by an uncle, who gave him what was probably the best education then available for a boy of his inclinations, at Westminster School in London. Hastings showed great promise as a schoolboy and seems at Westminster to have acquired the literary and scholarly tastes that were later to give him a serious interest in Indian culture and civilization. He was then taken away from school and granted a writership as the junior appointments in the East India Company were called , and in , at age 17, he sailed for Bengal. In British contact with India was still the monopoly of the East India Company, which was engaged in buying and selling goods at small settlements in Indian ports.

English were defeated by Haider Ali. He stopped annual pension to Mughal Emperor and reduced the pension of the Nawab of Bengal. Nand Kumar was critic of Warren Hastings, indicted in false case and sentenced to death. Reforms for purification of Administration. He believed in the separation of powers, therefore he deprived the District Collector of judicial powers and created the new post of District Judge. He also carried out gradation of courts.


Lord Wellesley.


The Court of Directors assigned a Council of Four based in India to assist the Governor General, and decision of council was binding on the Governor General during — Lord William Bentinck was first to be designated as the Governor general of India in After the Indian Rebellion of , the company rule was brought to an end, but the British India along with princely states came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The Government of India Act created the office of Secretary of State for India in to oversee the affairs of India, which was advised by a new Council of India with 15 members based in London. Following the adoption of the Government of India Act of , the Governor-General as representing the Crown became known as the Viceroy.

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List of Governors Generals & Viceroys of India for Banking & SSC Exams – GK Notes in PDF!

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