Different Types Of Drugs And Their Effects Pdf
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Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Drug and Alcohol Dependence is an international journal devoted to publishing original research, scholarly reviews, commentaries, and policy analyses in the area of drug , alcohol and tobacco use and dependence.
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Drugs are chemical substances that can change how your body and mind work. They include prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines , alcohol , tobacco , and illegal drugs. Drug use is dangerous. It can harm your brain and body, sometimes permanently. It can hurt the people around you, including friends, families, kids, and unborn babies. Drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease.
We live in a world where incredible drugs exist to treat many conditions that seemed untouchable in the past. In a report that looked at U. However, the impressive availability of medications also increases the possibility of drug interactions. This can cause the medication to be less or more potent than intended or result in unexpected side effects. If you use multiple medications, have certain health conditions, or see more than one doctor, you should be especially mindful of your medications.
Drugs are chemicals that affect the body and brain. Different drugs can have different effects. Some effects of drugs include health consequences that are long-lasting and permanent. They can even continue after a person has stopped taking the substance. There are a few ways a person can take drugs, including injection, inhalation and ingestion. The effects of the drug on the body can depend on how the drug is delivered. For example, the injection of drugs directly into the bloodstream has an immediate impact, while ingestion has a delayed effect.
Depressant substances reduce arousal and stimulation. They do not necessarily make a person feel depressed. They affect the central nervous system, slowing down the messages between the brain and the body. They can affect concentration and coordination. In small doses they can cause a person to feel more relaxed and less inhibited.
Types of Heart Medications
Medications or pharmaceuticals are also drugs and are regulated differently dependent on their level of health risk. Short-term health harms. Short-term health harms are those that can occur as a result of an episode of use, or, in the case of medications, inappropriate use. These vary markedly depending on the drug being used type, amount etc and may be from the drug itself or from the manner in which the drug is taken. For information about the short-term health effects of a specific illicit drug, visit the page called Misused substances.
Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person's brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication. Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs. When you're addicted, you may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes. Drug addiction can start with experimental use of a recreational drug in social situations, and, for some people, the drug use becomes more frequent. For others, particularly with opioids, drug addiction begins with exposure to prescribed medications, or receiving medications from a friend or relative who has been prescribed the medication.
Physicians have long recognized that different types of drugs affect people differently. Nonetheless, drugs may be categorized or classified according to certain shared symptomatologies or effects. The DRE categorization process is premised on these long-standing, medically accepted facts. DREs classify drugs in one of seven categories: central nervous system CNS depressants, CNS stimulants, hallucinogens, dissociative anesthetics, narcotic analgesics, inhalants, and cannabis. Drugs from each of these categories can affect a person's central nervous system and impair a person's normal faculties, including a person's ability to safely operate a motor vehicle.
Given by injection into a vein intravenously, IV , into a muscle intramuscularly, IM , into the space around the spinal cord intrathecally , or beneath the skin subcutaneously, sc. Breathed into the lungs, usually through the mouth by inhalation or mouth and nose by nebulization. See also Introduction to Administration and Kinetics of Drugs.
If you've had a heart attack , you will most likely be prescribed medication that you will take for the rest of your life. There are many types and combinations of drugs used to treat coronary artery disease CAD , and your doctor or other health care provider will decide the best treatment combination for your situation. The following gives you a quick look at many typical cardiac medications.
A drug is any substance that causes a change in an organism's physiology or psychology when consumed. Consumption of drugs can be via inhalation , injection , smoking , ingestion , absorption via a patch on the skin, suppository , or dissolution under the tongue. In pharmacology , a drug is a chemical substance, typically of known structure, which, when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect.
Pharmacology, or the study of drugs and medications, is a complicated subject. One of the ways to make it easier to understand is to have a good knowledge of drug classification, or the system by which various drugs are grouped together.
Drugs can be classified into different categories based on their chemical ingredients and their effects on users. Here are the five main categories and some information about each:. Central nervous system depressants. Central nervous system stimulants.
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