Double Dissociations In Visual And Spatial Short Term Memory Pdf

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double dissociations in visual and spatial short term memory pdf

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Double dissociations in visual and spatial short-term memory

The Brooks verbal and visuo-spatial matrix tasks were performed alone, with articulatory suppression, or with a spatial suppression task; the results produced the expected dissociation. We used approximate Bayesian computation techniques to fit the feature model to the data and showed that the similarity-based interference process implemented in the model accounted for the data patterns well. Again, the model performed well. The findings show that a double dissociation can be modelled without appealing to separate systems for verbal and visuo-spatial processing. The latter findings are significant as the feature model had not been used to model this type of dissociation before; importantly, this is also the first time the model is quantitatively fit to data. For the demonstration provided here, modularity was unnecessary if two assumptions were made: 1 the main difference between spatial and verbal working-memory tasks is the features that are encoded; 2 secondary tasks selectively interfere with primary tasks to the extent that both tasks involve similar features. It is argued that a feature-based view is more parsimonious see Morey, , Psychological Bulletin , , — and offers flexibility in accounting for multiple benchmark effects in the field.

The hippocampus: Beyond recognition memory View all 10 Articles. In this review, we will discuss the idea that the hippocampus may be involved in both memory and perception, contrary to theories that posit functional and neuroanatomical segregation of these processes. This suggestion is based on a number of recent neuropsychological and functional neuroimaging studies that have demonstrated that the hippocampus is involved in the visual discrimination of complex spatial scene stimuli. We argue that these findings cannot be explained by long-term memory or working memory processing or, in the case of patient findings, dysfunction beyond the medial temporal lobe MTL. Instead, these studies point toward a role for the hippocampus in higher-order spatial perception. We suggest that the hippocampus processes complex conjunctions of spatial features, and that it may be more appropriate to consider the representations for which this structure is critical, rather than the cognitive processes that it mediates. Since the ground-breaking work of Scoville and Milner , the hippocampus has been considered to be an integral component of a medial temporal lobe MTL memory system.

Dissociating visuo-spatial and verbal working memory: It’s all in the features

The aim of the present study was to compare visuospatial working memory performance in 18 individuals with Williams syndrome WS and 18 typically developing TD children matched for nonverbal mental age. Two aspects were considered: task presentation format i. Our results showed that individuals with WS performed less well than TD children in passive spatial-simultaneous tasks, but not in passive spatial-sequential tasks. The former's performance was also worse in both active tasks. These findings suggest an impairment in the spatial-simultaneous working memory of individuals with WS, together with a more generalized difficulty in tasks requiring information storage and concurrent processing, as seen in other etiologies of intellectual disability. Sign In or Create an Account.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Klauer and Z. Klauer , Z. Zhao Published Psychology, Medicine Journal of experimental psychology.

Baddeley's model of working memory is a model of human memory proposed by Alan Baddeley and Graham Hitch in , in an attempt to present a more accurate model of primary memory often referred to as short-term memory. Working memory splits primary memory into multiple components, rather than considering it to be a single, unified construct. This model is later expanded upon by Baddeley and other co-workers to add a fourth component, and has become the dominant view in the field of working memory. However, alternative models are developing, providing a different perspective on the working memory system. The phonological loop stores verbal content, whereas the visuo-spatial sketchpad caters to visuo-spatial data.

Double dissociations in visual and spatial short-term memory

Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. Journal of Experimental psychology. General , 01 Sep , 3 : DOI: Read article at publisher's site DOI :

Several studies have found that musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks, but this is not always the case, and the strength of this apparent advantage is unknown. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis with the aim of clarifying whether musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks. The selected studies involved two groups of participants: young adult musicians and nonmusicians. All the studies included memory tasks loading long-term, short-term or working memory that contained tonal, verbal or visuospatial stimuli.

In cognitive psychology and neuroscience , spatial memory is a form of memory responsible for the recording of information about one's environment and spatial orientation. For example, a person's spatial memory is required in order to navigate around a familiar city, just as a rat's spatial memory is needed to learn the location of food at the end of a maze. It is often argued that in both humans and animals, spatial memories are summarized as a cognitive map. Spatial memory has representations within working, short-term memory and long-term memory.

Double dissociations in visual and spatial short-term memory.

Прямо перед ним, откинувшись на груду старых подушек, лежал пожилой человек с ярко-белой гипсовой повязкой на правом запястье. ГЛАВА 21 Голос американца, звонившего Нуматаке по прямой линии, казался взволнованным: - Мистер Нуматака, в моем распоряжении не больше минуты.

1 Comments

  1. Stanley K. 20.04.2021 at 13:21

    A visual short-term memory task was more strongly disrupted by visual than spatial interference, and a spatial memory task was simultaneously more strongly disrupted by spatial than visual interference.