Juvenile Delinquency And Urban Areas Pdf

  • and pdf
  • Friday, April 16, 2021 1:03:08 AM
  • 2 comment
juvenile delinquency and urban areas pdf

File Name: juvenile delinquency and urban areas .zip
Size: 1879Kb
Published: 16.04.2021

Restorative Justice on Trial pp Cite as.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Research over the past few decades on normal child development and on development of delinquent behavior has shown that individual, social, and community conditions as well as their interactions influence behavior. There is general agreement that behavior, including antisocial and delinquent behavior, is the result of a complex interplay of individual biological and genetic factors and environmental factors, starting during fetal development and continuing throughout life Bock and Goode, Clearly, genes affect biological development, but there is no biological development without environmental input.

Review of the Roots of Youth Violence: Literature Reviews

Individually measured factors and neighborhood context were related to juvenile delinquency in a community sample of urban, public-school boys. Neighborhood context was measured with an objective, census-based score that classified neighborhoods as underclass or not underclass. When African American youths and white youths were compared without regard to neighborhood context, African American youths were more frequently and more seriously delinquent than white youths.

When African American youths did not live in underclass neighborhoods, their delinquent behavior was similar to that of the white youths. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that boys' hyperactivity and parental supervision were the strongest correlates of delinquency. Once individually measured factors were accounted for, residence in underclass neighborhoods was significantly related to delinquent behavior while ethnicity was not.

This study points to the importance of including the neighborhood context when addressing the social problems of African American youths. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Achenbach, T. Coulton, C. Geographic concentration of poverty and risk to children in urban neighborhoods.

Google Scholar. Crane, J. The epidemic theory of ghettos and neighborhood effects on dropping out and teenage childbearing. Currie, E. Department of City Planning Elliot, D. Reconciling race and class differences in self-reported and official estimates of delinquency. Farrington, D. Have any individual, family or neighborhood influences on offending been demonstrated conclusively?

Gottfredson, D. Social area influences on delinquency: A multilevel analysis. Crime Delinq. Gould, L. Who defines delinquency: A comparison of self-reported and officially reported indices of delinquency for three racial groups. Problems — Hogan, D. The impact of social status, family structure, and neighborhood on the fertility of black adolescents.

Krohn, M. Measurement of family process variables: The effect of adolescent and parent perceptions of family life on delinquent behavior. Larzelere, R. Parental management: Mediator of the effect of socioeconomic status on early delinquency. Criminology 28 2 : — Loeber, R. Family factors as correlates and predictors of juvenile conduct problems and delinquency. In Tonry, M. Initiation, escalation and desistance in juvenile offending and their correlates. Law Criminol.

Sampson, R. Toward a theory of race, crime, and urban inequality. Shaw, C. Siegel, W. Paul, MN, pp. Simcha-Fagan, O. Neighborhood and delinquency: An assessment of contextual effects. Criminology 24 4 : — Stouthamer-Loeber, M. Caretakers seeking help for boys with disruptive and delinquent behavior. Health Care 2 3 : — Williams, J. From delinquent behavior to official delinquency. Wilson, W. Wolfgang, M. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.

Download references. Reprints and Permissions. Peeples, F. Do individual factors and neighborhood context explain ethnic differences in juvenile delinquency?. J Quant Criminol 10, — Download citation. Issue Date : June Search SpringerLink Search. Abstract Individually measured factors and neighborhood context were related to juvenile delinquency in a community sample of urban, public-school boys. Immediate online access to all issues from Subscription will auto renew annually.

References Achenbach, T. View author publications. Rights and permissions Reprints and Permissions. About this article Cite this article Peeples, F.

Looking for other ways to read this?

This study examined the influence of ICT in encouraging juvenile delinquent behavior among juveniles in urban areas in Anambra State with particular reference to Awka South L. Delinquent acts in Awka South LGA caused by ICT can be linked to but not limited to the following; the use of cell phones and unrestricted access to internet, emergence of new ICT technologies, unsupervised television watching, viewing of pornographic images, exposure to computer cyber crime and cyber crime related activities. The sample size of the study was participants selected through multi stage sampling technique which involves the simple random sampling technique, while purposive sampling technique was used for the selection of IDI participants. Questionnaire schedule and In-Depth interview guide were the instruments used for data collection. The findings from the questionnaires were manually analysed using frequency tables and simple percentage; qualitative data from the In-depth interviews were analyzed using manual content analysis, while the study hypotheses was tested using Chi-square inferential statistic. The findings indicated that there is a significant relationship between the use of mobile phones and delinquent acts amongst juveniles in Awka South LGA.

Looking for other ways to read this?

The system can't perform the operation now. Try again later. Citations per year. Duplicate citations.

Juvenile delinquency , also known as " juvenile offending ", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as a minor or individual younger than the statutory age of majority. Some scholars have found an increase in arrests for youth and have concluded that this may reflect more aggressive criminal justice and zero-tolerance policies rather than changes in youth behavior. The focus on punitive punishment has been seen to correlate with juvenile delinquency rates. Juvenile detention centers , courts and electronic monitoring are common structures of the juvenile legal system. The frequency of use and structure of these courts in the United States varies by state.

Do individual factors and neighborhood context explain ethnic differences in juvenile delinquency?

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Juvenile delinquency is not a new phenomenon but urban growth has made it worst by changing the structure of the society.

Skip to content Ontario. Using spatial maps to examine the residential locations of juveniles referred to Chicago courts, Shaw and McKay discovered that rates of crime were not evenly dispersed across time and space in the city. Instead, crime tended to be concentrated in particular areas of the city, and importantly, remained relatively stable within different areas despite continual changes in the populations who lived in each area.

Individually measured factors and neighborhood context were related to juvenile delinquency in a community sample of urban, public-school boys. Neighborhood context was measured with an objective, census-based score that classified neighborhoods as underclass or not underclass. When African American youths and white youths were compared without regard to neighborhood context, African American youths were more frequently and more seriously delinquent than white youths. When African American youths did not live in underclass neighborhoods, their delinquent behavior was similar to that of the white youths. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that boys' hyperactivity and parental supervision were the strongest correlates of delinquency.

Juvenile Delinquency And Urban Areas

Navigation menu

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Juvenile Delinquency A Other editions. Error rating book. Refresh and try again.

IMPACT OF URBANIZATION ON JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: A STUDY OF MUZAFFARBAD JAIL

This study examined the influence of ICT in encouraging juvenile delinquent behavior among juveniles in urban areas in Anambra State with particular reference to Awka South L. Delinquent acts in Awka South LGA caused by ICT can be linked to but not limited to the following; the use of cell phones and unrestricted access to internet, emergence of new ICT technologies, unsupervised television watching, viewing of pornographic images, exposure to computer cyber crime and cyber crime related activities.

Include Synonyms Include Dead terms. A revision of a work published in , the book updates data on delinquency in Chicago. Findings revealed that rates of delinquents and commitments vary consistently, low rates reflect the existence of a stable institutional structure, a high incidence of deliquency indicates a breakdown of machinery through which population needs are met, high or low rates are not permanent characteristics of any ethnic or racial group, and rates correlate closely with many community economic and social characteristics.

Juvenile Delinquency in Turkey

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Shaw, C. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Juvenile delinquency

2 Comments

  1. Joseph W. 16.04.2021 at 16:18

    JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND URBAN AREAS. DELINQUENCY RATES. TAY index is far from satisfactory, when applied to areas of colored.

  2. Isaac L. 25.04.2021 at 19:14

    Wiley B.