Otc Medication List And Counselling Pdf

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otc medication list and counselling pdf

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In order to provide appropriate advice to the patient at the time of dispensing and over-the-counter OTC medication counseling, community pharmacists need access to current and reliable information about medicines.

Background The risks associated with over-the-counter medication are often underestimated by consumers. The incorrect use of certain medications can lead to significant patient harm. Inappropriate use can be prevented by pharmaceutical counselling.

Ethiopian drug policy ensures that medicines which are required for prevention, diagnosis, treatment, mitigation and rehabilitation of diseases affecting the majority of Ethiopian people have to be identified and classified to respective levels of health service delivery. Taking into consideration the revised National List of medicines, the current over-thecounter medicines list was revised. Revising and updating over-the-counter medicines list is important for increasing access of these medicines as well as for public to take a more active role in their own healthcare. Over-the-counter OTC medicines are medicines that may be sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from pharmacy personnel, as compared to prescription drugs, which are dispensed only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.

Patient Counseling: A Pharmacist in Every OTC Aisle

The involvement of pharmacists in nonprescription medication counseling will increase the public's ability to understand the risks and benefits of OTC remedies. It has been well documented that interactions by pharmacists through consultation and effective assessment strategies can enhance patient outcomes. In order to counsel patients efficiently, pharmacists must be able to communicate. One way to ensure understanding is through active listening, a process in which the receiver repeats the information back to the sender. This process fosters information exchange and promotes effective learning. The first step in achieving optimal communication is setting the stage. By identifying potential barriers in the pharmacy that can impede good communication, pharmacists can actively take steps to overcome them.

Javascript is currently disabled in your browser. Several features of this site will not function whilst javascript is disabled. Received 15 September Published 19 December Volume Pages 1—6. Review by Single anonymous peer review.

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Abuse of over-the-counter medicines: a pharmacist’s perspective

Over-the-counter OTC drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a requirement for a prescription from a healthcare professional, [1] as opposed to prescription drugs , which may be supplied only to consumers possessing a valid prescription. In many countries, OTC drugs are selected by a regulatory agency to ensure that they contain ingredients that are safe and effective when used without a physician 's care. OTC drugs are usually regulated according to their active pharmaceutical ingredient API rather than final products. By regulating APIs instead of specific drug formulations, governments allow manufacturers the freedom to formulate ingredients, or combinations of ingredients, into proprietary mixtures. The term over-the-counter OTC refers to a medication that can be purchased without a medical prescription.

Medically reviewed on May 7, by L. Anderson, PharmD. In the U. OTC drugs are medications that are safe and effective for use by the general public without seeking treatment by a health professional. Popular examples include pain relievers like acetaminophen Tylenol and ibuprofen Advil , Motrin , cough suppressants such as dextromethorphan Robitussin and antihistamines like loratadine Claritin 24H. These drugs are usually located on shelves in pharmacies, grocery stores, and even in gas stations. OTC medicines treat a variety symptoms due to illness including pain, coughs and colds, diarrhea, heartburn, constipation, acne, and others.

Steven M. Bridgeman, PharmD, Laura L. Neafsey, PhD, Michael S. Research on the ways older people use prescription medications Rx is a mainstay of the gerontological literature because use of Rx medications is common, and appropriate use is central to effective management of chronic disease. But older adults are also major consumers of over-the-counter OTC medications, which can be equally significant for self-care.


Over the Counter Medications

Any community pharmacist most likely will agree that self-care in the United States continues to be a growing trend. Patient purchases of OTC products have consistently risen, for many reasons. The convenience of treating a condition with an OTC product is appealing to the typically busy patient, who seeks to avoid a lengthy and expensive office visit in favor of meeting the demands of home and work. In addition, patients in the information age have an increased level of awareness about health.

Over-the-counter drug


  1. Laurence C. 17.04.2021 at 06:27

    PDF | The aim of this study was to observe and assess patient counseling provided by community pharmacists, when dispensing over the.

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  3. Nick B. 20.04.2021 at 03:59

    PDF | A pharmacist in today's world has a great responsibility – to help and Whereas self-care is becoming increasingly popular among patients today the availability of over-the-counter medications Also by employing effective over the counter (OTC) counseling as the most is being listened to and in, although, a short.