Knowledge And Attitude Regarding Obstetrics Ultrasound Among Pregnant Women Research Proposal Pdf

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knowledge and attitude regarding obstetrics ultrasound among pregnant women research proposal pdf

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Ultrasound has become a routine part of care for pregnant women in Uganda, being one of a range of techniques used in screening. However, it differs from most others because it allows women to view their babies. Routine obstetric sonography is now globally recognized as one of the ways through which maternal mortality can be reduced.

Physical activity and exercise during pregnancy in Africa: a review of the literature

Background: Ultrasonography is firmly embedded in antenatal maternity care around the world. It proves accuracy in calculation of gestational age, earlier identification of multiple pregnancies, and diagnosis of nonviable pregnancies and certain fetal malformations. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective and cross-sectional study conducted among pregnant women that attended antenatal ultrasound scan at AKTH. A pretested and structured questionnaire was used. Only women that agreed to participate were included in the study. Convenience sampling technique was employed for the data collection. Information collected from the participants was: Age, marital status, occupation, level of education, parity, level of awareness and level of perception.

Nutrition during pregnancy is an important element for the pregnant women and their developing fetus, they must take enough calories and nutrients to provide the essential requirements for both themselves and their fetus and to prevent complications of abnormal weight gain in pregnancy. To determine the effect of the nutritional health education program on changing knowledge, attitude, and practice towards a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy, obtaining optimal weight gain and consequently its effect on maternal and fetal outcomes. An interventional study pre-post test , in Zagazig university antenatal care outpatient clinic was conducted. Health education sessions were applied to the pregnant females and their knowledge, attitude, and practice about healthy nutrition were assessed before and after the intervention. Ultrasound was performed, maternal and fetal outcomes were detected. This study was conducted on pregnant females from whom 9 cases had excluded at the time of delivery due to the detection of ultrasound abnormalities and 16 women were dropped out during the follow-up period. After the nutritional education program, the proportions of adequate knowledge, attitude, and practice were increased from

Safe Prevention of the Primary Cesarean Delivery

Read terms. The information reflects merging clinical and scientific advances as of the date issued, is subject to change, and should not be construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure. Variations in practice may be warranted based on the needs of the individual patient, resources, and limitations unique to the institution or type of practice. Abstract: In , one in three women who gave birth in the United States did so by cesarean delivery. Cesarean birth can be life-saving for the fetus, the mother, or both in certain cases. However, the rapid increase in cesarean birth rates from to without clear evidence of concomitant decreases in maternal or neonatal morbidity or mortality raises significant concern that cesarean delivery is overused.

Chidozie E. Mbada, Olubukayomi E. Adebayo, Adebanjo B. Adeyemi, Olujide O. Arije, Olumide O. Dada, Olabisi A. Akinwande, Taofeek O.

Metrics details. The World Health Organization Antenatal Guidelines and the South African Maternal and Child Health Guidelines recommend one early antenatal ultrasound scan to establish gestational age and to detect multiple pregnancies and fetal abnormalities. Prior research indicates that ultrasound scan can also increase parental—fetal attachment. We aim to establish whether, compared to routine care, messages to promote parental attachment and healthy child development, conducted during one or two pregnancy ultrasound scans, improve early child development and growth, exclusive breastfeeding, parental—child interactions and prenatal and postnatal clinic attendance. The effect of messages to sensitise mothers and fathers to fetal development will be tested in a three-armed randomised trial with mothers and their partners from Soweto, Johannesburg in each arm.

The Open Public Health Journal

African Journal of Reproductive Health, Vol. Pregnant women's beliefs, expectations and experiences of antenatal ultrasound in Northern Tanzania. This qualitative study explored pregnant women's beliefs, expectations and experiences of the recently introduced antenatal ultrasound service in BomaNg'ombe hospital, Tanzania. Thematic analysis of 25 semi-structured interviews and 41 questionnaires was employed.

Metrics details. Global evidence suggests that many women engage in low levels of physical activity PA and exercise during pregnancy despite its beneficial effects. This is particularly the case in Africa. This article reviews the literature on levels of PA and exercise among pregnant women in Africa, highlighting the level of PA or exercise participation during pregnancy in Africa, including types of PA, factors affecting PA, beliefs about and benefits of prenatal activity, advice or counselling on PA during pregnancy in Africa, and PA interventions proposed to promote the uptake of prenatal PA. A total of 40 references were found.

 - В тот момент, когда обнаружится его счет, маяк самоуничтожится.

International Scholarly Research Notices

Чатрукьян слышал гулкие удары своего сердца. ТРАНСТЕКСТ заклинило на восемнадцать часовМысль о компьютерном вирусе, проникшем в ТРАНСТЕКСТ и теперь свободно разгуливающем по подвалам АНБ, была непереносима. - Я обязан об этом доложить, - сказал он вслух. В подобной ситуации надо известить только одного человека - старшего администратора систем безопасности АНБ, одышливого, весящего четыреста фунтов компьютерного гуру, придумавшего систему фильтров Сквозь строй. В АНБ он получил кличку Джабба и приобрел репутацию полубога. Он бродил по коридорам шифровалки, тушил бесконечные виртуальные пожары и проклинал слабоумие нерадивых невежд. Чатрукьян знал: как только Джабба узнает, что Стратмор обошел фильтры, разразится скандал.

В течение часа то же самое случится с остальными пятью. После этого сюда полезут все, кому не лень. Каждый бит информации АНБ станет общественным достоянием. Фонтейн внимательно изучал ВР, глаза его горели. Бринкерхофф слабо вскрикнул: - Этот червь откроет наш банк данных всему миру. - Для Танкадо это детская забава, - бросил Джабба.  - Нашим главным стражем была система Сквозь строй, а Стратмор вышвырнул ее в мусорную корзину.

Через пять лет, истратив полмиллиона рабочих часов и почти два миллиарда долларов, АН Б вновь доказало жизненность своего девиза. Последний из трех миллионов процессоров размером с почтовую марку занял свое место, все программное обеспечение было установлено, и керамическая оболочка наглухо заделана. ТРАНСТЕКСТ появился на свет. Хотя создававшийся в обстановке повышенной секретности ТРАНСТЕКСТ стал плодом усилий многих умов и принцип его работы не был доступен ни одному человеку в отдельности, он, в сущности, был довольно прост: множество рук делают груз легким. Три миллиона процессоров работали параллельно - считая с неимоверной скоростью, перебирая все мыслимые комбинации символов. Надежда возлагалась на то, что шифры даже с самыми длинными ключами не устоят перед исключительной настойчивостью ТРАНСТЕКСТА.

Стратмор проследил за ее взглядом и нахмурился Он надеялся, что Сьюзан не заметит эту контрольную панель. Эта светящаяся клавиатура управляла его личным лифтом. Стратмор и его высокопоставленные посетители попадали в шифровалку и уходили незаметно для остальных сотрудников.

5 Comments

  1. Piwakaca1992 08.04.2021 at 10:52

    Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. knowledge and attitude of pregnant women about ultrasound examination and its risks. 2D and 3D/4D ultrasound in obstetrics. Various maximum 'safe' temperature elevations have been proposed, although the suggested values range.

  2. Eva J. 11.04.2021 at 19:34

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  3. Norma A. 12.04.2021 at 16:37

    PDF | Ultrasound has become a routine part of care for pregnant women in Uganda, being one of a Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. Women's knowledge, attitude and practices of obstetric sonography were influenced with % (n=20) of them saying that the scan could help them plan.

  4. BertrГЎn V. 14.04.2021 at 08:43

    Exploratory -descriptive study using interviewer-administered questionnaires. Women's knowledge, attitude and practices of obstetric sonography were influenced attitudes and perceptions of pregnant women about obstetric with % (n=20) of them saying that the scan could help them plan better.

  5. Melissa B. 15.04.2021 at 10:20

    Key words: Fetal ultrasound, obstetric ultrasound, beliefs, expectations, experiences, Tanzania fl School of Research into women's knowledge and attitudes.